Atlanta is the capital of the state of Georgia in the United States of America.
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Atlanta began to take shape in 1837 when the Western & Atlantic Railroad selected the site as the southern end of its tracks. The city was named after Terminus until 1843, when it was renamed Marthasville after the daughter of Governor Wilson Lumpkin. In 1847 the city was renamed Atlanta, supposedly a female form of "Atlantic", probably created by an engineer with the Western & Atlantic. The town was established in 1847.
When the American Civil War erupted in 1861, Atlanta was an important "railway hub," a manufacturing center, and a supply camp. But in 1864 the army of Union General William T. Sherman, during his notorious "March to the sea", set down all the railway installations, almost all the shops and more than two thirds of the city's houses, in order to hinder traffic between the south and the north. Atlanta was in ruins, the only major American city ever destroyed by the war.
Shortly after, Atlanta's first resurgence began. Within four years of Sherman's attack, the capital was moved from Milledgeville to Atlanta, and a campaign was launched to locate new businesses. Meanwhile, colleges and universities began to open, telephones were introduced, and the cars started rolling. In 1895, the Cotton States and International Exhibition in Piedmont Park showed 800,000 visitors and residents that Atlanta was on the way to a new direction and headed for the 20th century.
In the late 1920's, an urban business sector had emerged that gave Atlanta much of the clear pattern that it still has today. At the same time, the city council (and later mayor) led William B. Hartsfield is a long and difficult campaign to convince the city to turn an empty race track into an airport. Today, Hartsfield-Jackson International Airport is the world's busiest airport with more than 100 million passengers per year.
While the city continued its economic expansion, it became also known as "a city too preoccupied with hatred". Atlanta and Georgia anticipated much of the disputes that arose from the 1950's and 1960's, taking the lead in strengthening minority rights in the south-east. The city's strongest identification with the movement was made by its native son, Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr..
Much has been achieved in the last 25 years to make Atlanta world class. An efficient public transport system, MARTA, has been established (at least according to the standards of the South of the United States); the Atlanta metro is included in the entertainment map; the Georgia World Congress Center turned the city into a congress center. Georgia Dome was built in 1992; and the Philips Arena was built in 1999. The dome was demolished in 2017, after its replacement, the Mercedes-Benz stadium, was opened.
From 20 July to 4 August 1996, all eyes were on Atlanta when the 10-year Olympic Games took place. The city successfully hosted the largest Olympic Games ever, presenting itself to 2 million people in person and 3.5 billion people through global broadcasting.
The Olympic Games served as a catalyst for a second resurgence of Atlanta, which is experiencing a dramatic transformation from a large American city to a larger international city, with more than $6 billion spent on development and change.
Atlanta has become an important "conference and meeting destination", mainly due to the huge airport and the favorable weather. Most of the conference venues are located near the Marta Peachtree Center in the city center, and when a big show takes place in the city, it can sometimes look like every other person in the city has a name tag.
The Hartsfield-Jackson Atlanta International Airport (IATA code: ATL) is the world's largest passenger airport. The airport has its own underground station within the city's metro network. The station is located in the main building at the western end between the North and South terminals, and it takes about 15 minutes to reach the city center. There are also bus connections to Atlanta every 15 minutes.
Once a day, the Amtrak service Crescent Atlanta operates. This train will take you to New York - Washington, DC, Atlanta - New Orleans. The 1Amtrak Station Atlanta located outside the northwest of the city. Continue by bus or taxi.
On the street
Atlanta is located at the junction of the I-75 (Detroit-Florida), I-85 (Mid-Atlantic-New Orleans) and I-20 (Texas-South Carolina) motorways. All motorways take the I-285, the ring road around Atlanta.
castles, palaces and palaces
The top attractions of Atlanta are an electric mix that certainly offers something to everyone, and enough variety to entertain the adventurous traveler. The highest concentration of exhibits is found in the Centennial Park Area, where the three major attractions of Atlanta are located within two blocks: 3 World of Coca-Cola tells the story of the world's best-known brand with lots of tasting to ensure understanding; on the other side of the road 2 Georgia Aquarium It's the largest aquarium in the world in volume, where you can swim with the largest fish of all, the whale shark. and 3 CNN Center and the "Studio Tour", which provides behind-the-scenes views of one of the country's leading news sources.
Those who are more inclined to history can visit Martin Luther King, Jr. National Historic Site in Sweet Auburn, which includes the birthplace of this inspiring leader, his last resting place, the church in which he once preached, as well as a museum and memorial dedicated to his colossal achievements. The largest collection of commemorations of the civil war in the nation, including the "Cyclorama" (which tells the story of the battle of Atlanta through a massive, continuous, circular painting), is located in the Atlanta History Center in Atlanta, next to a large exhibition commemorating the "Olympic Games of the Century. 1996."
Exhibitions of ancient and modern history can be found near Atlanta in the "Fernbank Museum of Natural History", which displays a humiliating exhibition of the largest dinosaur ever excavated, as well as in the 44 Jimmy Carter Presidential Library Museum, 441 Freedom Parkway. Tel: +1 404-865-7100, Fax: +1 404-865-7102, e-mail: [email protected]. Opened: Mon - Sat 9.00 - 16.45, So Lunch - 4.45 pm. Price: entry: Adults $8, Seniors and Students (with ID) $6. , the permanent seat of the former President's Nobel Peace Prize. Michael C. Carlos Museum on the campus of Emory University is an excellent attraction for those interested in Greek and Egyptian culture. The museum houses the largest collection of Greek, Egyptian and Middle Eastern artifacts in the southeast. Those who have a slightly more refined taste can enjoy the High Museum of Art in Midtown, which exhibits art from the last two centuries, as well as modern and contemporary pieces. In Midtown, the Museum of Design Atlanta (MODA) offers changing design exhibitions and the Atlanta Contemporary Art Center offers changing exhibitions of contemporary art. The Museum of Contemporary Art of Georgia (MOCA GA) between Midtown and Buckhead offers a permanent collection and changing exhibitions of contemporary art with a focus on artists from Georgia. The Rialto Center for the Arts of Georgia State University in Downtown also offers a free exhibition of visual art. Finally, fans of From the Wind can't miss the Margaret Mitchell House & Museum, which preserves the Tudor Revival Villa in Midtown, where the award-winning novel was written.
Travelers planning to visit several attractions can benefit from the Atlanta CityPASS, which grants admission to 5 Atlanta attractions within 9 days of the first use at a greatly reduced price and in some cases includes accelerated admission. The attractions included are: Georgia Aquarium World of Coca-Cola; Inside CNN Studio Tour; either the High Museum of Art or the Fernbank Museum of Natural History; and either Zoo Atlanta or Atlanta History Center.
streets and squares
- Visit the Centennial Olympic Park. E-mail: [email protected]. in downtown and relax on the artificial river, paddle in the rings on a hot summer day, or go ice skating in winter, visit a concert and honor the victims of the 1996 bombing.
- Walk through Piedmont Park in Midtown, the largest park in Atlanta. Visit the Dogwood Festival in the spring or enjoy one of the many music events.
- Grant Park is the oldest city park in Atlanta and houses the Atlanta Zoo. The historic Oakland Cemetery, also here, is the last resting place for more than 3,900 Confederate soldiers, the famous Atlanta writer Margaret Mitchell, the golf legend Bobby Jones, six governors of Georgia and 25 mayors of Atlanta.
- The BeltLine is a multi-purpose path. Their plan foresees a 35 km loop around Atlanta, only some parts of which are complete. Many parts of the former railway corridor have already been renovated with paved paths, while some others are natural but hiking. The BeltLine is very popular with locals; On weekends with good weather, every minute you see dozens of people crossing the street at popular crossroads, such as Piedmont Park.
Atlanta has one of the 10 best retail markets in the U.S., and in the neighborhoods of the city you'll find antiques, art galleries, crafts, second-hand shops and boutiques. The city's eclectic shopping districts include Downtown Atlanta, Little Five Points, Virginia Highland, Buckhead and Midtown.
Are you looking for antiques and art? The Miami Circle, Bennett Street and The Galleries of Peachtree Hills offer some of the best goods in Atlanta.
Buckhead has more than 1,400 retail stores. Lenox Square and Phipps Plaza offer the most concentrated collection of top-class shops in the city, including Barneys CO-OP, Neiman Marcus, Tiffany & Co., Jil Sander, Gucci, Cartier, Burberry, Jimmy Choo and Louis Vuitton. Midtown Mile is a section of Peachtree Street in Midtown, which provides street-level retail services. Atlantic Station also offers a variety of retail facilities.
If you are interested in small shops, special shops, boutiques or vintage stores, try Little Five Points, Virginia Highland and East Atlanta Village. 'Wax 'N Facts is a popular store in Little Five Points, which is still selling vinyl records. The Bill Hallman Boutiques is also a popular local shop offering fashionable clothes for Atlanta.
Underground Atlanta is a six-block market square in the heart of downtown Atlanta, which has turned into a lively market place offering historical tours and housing restaurants, shops, entertainment centers and street cart dealers.
Street vendors are widespread in the city center, especially in the Five Points district. You can also find a wide selection of retailers at AmericasMart .
Atlanta is a city of music and music lovers have many possibilities to live bands.
With fun and unique attractions, renowned restaurants and first-class hotel experiences, Atlanta keeps the party running from day to night. With a chic style in Buckhead, an alternative scene in Little Five Points, a casual atmosphere in Virginia Highland, and a trendy vibe in Midtown, Atlanta's nightlife fits with any style of letting go. Since each district has so many options, you should visit each district article for a more detailed listing.
Buckhead is still the most popular nightlife district for both locals and the outside world. Aiko Lounge is one of the most popular dance clubs in Buckhead with the 1920s and 1930s singles, while an older audience can be seen in the Beluga Martini Bar. The clientele in Buckhead is mainly made up of high-class people, so make sure you dress impressively.
Midtown is the right place if you are looking for the urban atmosphere, with a diverse audience of 20s and 30s, many of them are students, locals, transplant workers from abroad and other countries. This is also a gay and lesbian-friendly area.
Downtown also has some nightlife options. Many of the city's water holes are located in Kenny's Alley on underground. The district of Fairlie-Poplar also has some bars in the neighborhood. Stats is an ideal sports bar to watch a game near the Centennial Olympic Park.
Other popular clubs throughout the city include The Masquerade and the MJQ Concourse. There are also many pubs and taverns in all districts, such as Fado Irish Pub in Buckhead, Shakespeare Tavern in Midtown and Highland Tap in Virginia Highland.
If you like Country Line Dance, you can leave the city and go to the suburbs and see Wild Bills in Duluth.
Recommended venues are:
- Eddie's Attic, 515-B North McDonough St., Decatur, GA 30030 (avenue is upstairs). Tel: 404-377-4976, e-mail: [email protected]. There are many local musicians and the level is quite high. Opened: Mon - Fri 12.00 - 18.00.
Most of the major hotels in Atlanta are located between Five Points and Midtown, in an area with an easy-to-remember name: the Hotel District. Located in the heart of the economic and political center of Atlanta, the district is within walking distance of many of the main tourist attractions, including the Centennial Olympic Park, the World of Coca-Cola, Georgia Aquarium and CNN Center.
The fast-growing Midtown, the heart of the business district of Atlanta and many luxury high-rise condominiums are close to many museums and theaters. If you are looking for boutique hotels near a thriving urban environment, Midtown may be the right area for you.
Once the heart of the nightlife of Atlanta, Buckhead is still home to several top hotels, located near the shopping and dining areas of the area.
If you live in Atlanta without a car, it is best to live in Midtown or Downtown, which offers central and easy access to MARTA. Both areas have excellent bars, restaurants and cultural attractions within walking distance. The prestigious hotels in these neighborhoods are located close to train stations and bus lines, so that the most interesting parts of the city can be reached quickly and easily. Buckhead and Decatur are other options with good access to transit, but not so many tourist attractions in the area (and in the case of Decatur, not so many hotels to choose from).
If you plan to rent an apartment, you should visit Midtown, a few blocks from Peachtree Street between Arts Center and North Avenue MARTA, and North Highland Avenue, south of Virginia Avenue (including Little Five Points).
- 1 Atlanta - Buckhead Area Microtel Inn & Suites, 1840 Corporate Blvd. Tel: +1 404 325-4446, Fax: +1 404 325 5877.
- Atlanta Perimeter Center Microtel Inn & Suites, 6280 Peachtree Dunwoody Road. Tel: +1 678 781-4000, Fax: +1 678 781 4010.
- 2 Hotel Indigo, 683 Peachtree St. Ne. Tel: +1 404 874 9200.
- Baymont Inn & Suites Downtown, 175 Piedmont Avenue NE. Tel: +1 404 659-7777, Fax: +1 404 688-6518.
- Best Western Granada Suite Hotel-Downtown, 1302 W Peachtree Street NW. Tel: +1 404 876-6100, tel. toll free: 800 548-5631, Fax: +1404 875-0502.
- 3 Best Western Inn at the Peachtree, 330 W Peachtree Street NW. Tel: +1 404 577-6970, tel. toll free: 800 242-4642, Fax: +1 404 659-3244.
- 4 Fairfield Inn & Suites Atlanta Buckhead, 3092 Piedmont Road. Tel: +1 404 846-0900, Fax: +1 404 467 9878.
- 5 Fairfield Inn & Suites Atlanta Perimeter Center, 1145 Hammond Drive. Tel: +1 770 350-0000, Fax: +1 770 350 000.
- Fairfield Inn & Suites Atlanta Vinings, 2450 Paces Ferry Road. Tel: +1 770 435-4500, tel. toll free: 800 455-7007, Fax: +1 770 438-0087.
- Hawthorne Suites, 1500 Parkwood Circle S.E. Tel: +1 770 952-9595, Fax: 770 984-2335.
- Holiday Inn, 2061 N. Druid Hills Rd. Tel: +1 404 321 4174.
- Holiday Inn, I-75/exit 252 & Howell Mill Rd. Tel: +1 404 351-3831.
- 6 Holiday Inn, 101 Andrew Young Intl Blvd. Tel: +1 404 524 5555.
- 7 Holiday Inn, 2158 Ranchwood Drive. Tel: +1 770 934-6000.
- 8 Holiday Inn, 1380 Virginia Ave. Tel: +1 404 762-8411.
- Holiday Inn Express, 244 North Avenue, Nw. Tel: +1 404 881-0881.
- Holiday Inn Express Hotel & Suites, 505 Pharr Road. Tel: +1 404 262 7880.
- 9 Holiday Inn Express Hotel & Suites, 765 Hammond Dr. Tel.: +1 404 250-4450.
- 10 Holiday Inn Select, 4386 Chamblee-dunwoody Rd. Tel: +1 770 457-6363.
- Holiday Inn Select, 450 Capitol Ave. Tel: +1 404 591-2000.
- 11 Residence Inn Atlanta Buckhead, 2960 Piedmont Road NE. Tel: +1 404 239 0677, Fax: 404 262-9638.
- 12 Residence Inn Atlanta Buckhead/Lenox Park, 2220 Lake Boulevard. Tel: +1 404 467-1660, Fax: 404 467-4811.
- 13 Residence Inn Atlanta Downtown, 134 Peachtree Street NW. Tel: +1 404 522-0950, Fax: 404 577-3235.
- 14 Residence Inn Atlanta Midtown/17th Street, 1365 Peachtree Street. Tel: +1 404 745-1000, Fax: 404 745-1111.
- 15 Residence Inn Atlanta Midtown/Historic, 1041 W Peachtree Street. Tel: +1 404 872-8885, Fax: +1 404 724 9218.
- 16 Residence Inn Atlanta Perimeter Center, 6096 Barfield Road. Tel: +1 404 252 5066, Fax: +1 404 851-1723.
- 17 SpringHill Suites Atlanta Buckhead, 3459 Buckhead Loop, NE. Tel: +1 404 844-4800, tel. toll free: 888 287-9400, Fax: +1 404 844 4801.
- 18 Staybridge Suites, 4601 Ridgeview Road. Tel: +1 678 320 0111.
- Staybridge Suites, 760 Mt. Vernon Hwy. Tel: +1 404 250-0110.
- 19 Staybridge Suites, 540 Pharr Road. Tel: +1 404 842-0800.
- 20 TownePlace Suites Atlanta Buckhead, 820 Sidney Marcus Blvd. Tel: +1 404 949-4820, Fax: 404 949-4810.
- 21 TownePlace Suites Atlanta Northlake, 3300 Northlake Parkway. Tel: +1 770 938-0408, Fax: +1 770 938-0409.
- Omni Hotel at CNN Center, 100 CNN Center. Tel: +1 404 659 0000, Fax: (404)-525-5050.
- 22 Courtyard Atlanta Buckhead, 3332 Peachtree Road NE. Tel: +1 404 869-0818, Fax: +1 404 869 0939.
- 23 Courtyard Atlanta Cumberland Center, 3000 Cumberland Blvd. Tel: +1 770 952 2555, Fax: +1 770 952 2409.
- 24 Courtyard Atlanta Executive Park/Emory, 1236 Executive Park Drive. Tel: +1 404 728-0708, Fax: +1 404 636-4019.
- Courtyard Atlanta Glenridge/Perimeter, 5601 Peachtree-Dunwoody Rd. Tel: +1 404 843 2300, Fax: +1 404 851-1938.
- 25 Courtyard Atlanta Marietta v Windy Hill, 2045 South Park Place. Tel: +1 770 955-3838, Fax: +1 770 933-0394.
- 26 Courtyard Atlanta Midtown/Georgia Tech, 1132 Techwood Drive. Tel: +1 404 607-1112, Fax: +1 404 607-1020.
- 27 Courtyard Atlanta Perimeter Center, 6250 Peachtree-Dunwoody Rd. Tel: +1 770 393 1000, Fax: +1 770 396 0762.
- Crowne Plaza Hotel, 6345 Powers Ferry Road. Tel: +1 770 955-1700.
- Crowne Plaza Hotel, 3377 Peachtree Road Ne. Tel: +1 404 264 111.
- 28 Crowne Plaza Hotel, 4355 Ashford Dunwoody. Tel: +1 770 395 7700.
- Crowne Plaza Hotel, 1325 Virginia Ave. Tel: +1 404 768-6660.
- 29 InterContinental, 3315 Peachtree Road Ne. Tel: +1 404 946 9000.
- 30 JW Marriott Hotel Buckhead Atlanta, 3300 Lenox Road. Tel: +1 404 262-3344, tel. toll free: +1 800 613-2051, Fax: +1 404 262 8689.
- Renaissance Atlanta Hotel Downtown, 590 West Peachtree Street NW. Tel: +1 404 881-6000, Fax: +1 404 815-5010.
- 31 Renaissance Concourse Hotel, One Hartsfield Center Parkway. Tel: +1 404 209 99 999, Fax: +1 404 209 7031.
- 32 Renaissance Waverly Hotel, 2450 Galleria Parkway. Tel: +1 770 953-4500, tel. toll free: +1 888 391-8724, Fax: +1 770 953-0740.
- Wyndham Garden Hotel, 175 Piedmont Avenue NE. Tel: +1 404 659-2727, Fax: +1 404 688-6332.
- Atlanta Airport Marriott, 4711 Best Road. Tel: +1 404 766-7900, Fax: +1 404 209 6808.
- 33 Atlanta Marriott Century Center, 2000 Century Boulevard NE. Tel: +1 404 325-0000, Fax: +1 404 325-4920.
- Atlanta Marriott Downtown, 160 Spring Street NW. Tel: +1 404 688-8600, tel. toll free: +1 866 316-5959, Fax: +1 404 524 5543.
- 34 Atlanta Marriott Marquis, 265 Peachtree Center Avenue. Tel: +1 404 521-0000, tel. toll free: +1 888 855-5701, Fax: +1 404 586-6299.
- 35 Atlanta Marriott Northwest, 200 Interstate North Parkway. Tel: +1 770 952-7900, Fax: +1 770 952 1468.
- 36 Atlanta Marriott Perimeter Center, 246 Perimeter Center Parkway NE. Tel: +1 770 394-6500, tel. toll free: +1 888 858-2451, Fax: +1 770 394 4338.
- 37 Atlanta Marriott Suites Midtown, 35 14th Street. Tel: +1 404 876-8888, Fax: +1 404 876-7727.
Despite the call of Atlanta, the city is not as dangerous as many people think it is dangerous. The crime rate declined in the late 1990s and 2000s and reached almost 40 years in 2005. While violent crime is still high relative to most American cities, most of the violence is related to drug trafficking and takes place in parts of the city, which visitors rarely - if ever - see.
As in any other major city, the usual precautions should be taken, such as not traveling alone at night and being aware of which neighborhoods are more vulnerable to crime. In Atlanta, the south-west and south-east have reported the highest number of crime incidents; in particular the triangle formed by the I-285, I-75 and I-20 is a dangerous neighborhood. Avoid the areas around the new Mercedes-Benz stadium such as Bankhead and Vine City. The number of car theft is exceptionally high for national circumstances. Outside the city, crime rates are significantly lower (except in Dekalb County).
One of the things that should definitely be looked at in Atlanta is the homeless. While homeless people in big cities tend to leave you alone if you ignore them, the homeless in Atlanta are known to harass people without regard for losses, especially in the city center and, to a lesser extent, in the midtown areas.